Transformational Leadership and Employees' Performances: The Mediating Role of Motivation and Work Environment

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Yunianto Agung Nugroho
Masduki Asbari
Agus Purwanto
Sucipto Basuki
Rachma Nadhila Sudiyono
Muhamad Agung Ali Fikri
Paolinus Hulu
Mustofa Mustofa
Gusli Chidir
Suroso Suroso
Yos Xavir


The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of a transformational leadership and on employees’ performance in an Indonesian manufacturer through motivation and work environment  as a mediating variables. Data were collected by using simple random sampling to 851 employees population in an Indonesia manufacturer. The number of returned and valid questionnaires was 627. Data were processed by using SEM with SmartPLS 3.0. The results of the study concluded that transformational leadership has a positive and significant effect on employees’ performance, both directly and indirectly through a mediating effect of motivation and work environment. This study proposes a model to improve employees’ performance in Indonesia manufacturers by a transformational leadership through motivation and work environment as a mediator. This study can open the way to improve employee readiness in facing industrial revolution 4.0.

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Nugroho, Y., Asbari, M., Purwanto, A., Basuki, S., Sudiyono, R., Fikri, M., Hulu, P., Mustofa, M., Chidir, G., Suroso, S., & Xavir, Y. (2020). Transformational Leadership and Employees’ Performances: The Mediating Role of Motivation and Work Environment. EduPsyCouns: Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling, 2(1), 438-460. Retrieved from