The Upshot of Key Words Technique:Descriptive Writing of English Learners

Main Article Content

Andi Sadapotto
Nicodemus Bisse


The objective of this article is to describe the upshot students descriptive writing at eleventh grade in SMA Muhammadiyah Rappang. This research employed the method of the research was pre-experimental method with one group pre-test and post-test design. The population was the Eleventh grade students (XI) of  SMA Muhammadiyah Rappang  in  2015-2016 academic years. Totalnumber of population was 20 students and the sample was taken by using census sampling technique, whole students at eleventh grade (20) was chosen as a sample. The instrument used in this research was to write decriptive composition. The result of this research showed that the pre-test got the mean score (53.60) while the post-test got mean score (77.95). This showed that there was significant difference between pre test and post-test. The result of the p-value (0.00) was lower than alpha (0.05). This  means that H1 was accepted . the reserch concluded that teaching writing by using keyword increased the students’ ability to write descriptive composition at eleventh grade in SMA Muhammadiyah  Rappang.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sadapotto, A., & Bisse, N. (2021). The Upshot of Key Words Technique:Descriptive Writing of English Learners. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(1), 266-278.


Awaluddin 2006.Improving Writing Skill of the Second Year Students of SMA Negeri1DuampanuaKabupatenPinrang by Using Spider Web.Thesis.FKIP UniversitasMuhammadiyahParepare.
Bacon, Marks. 1998. Write like Prose: Using the Secret of Writers and Journalist in Business. New York: John Willey and Sons, Inc.
Best, John W, 1977. Research in Education. New Zealand: Prentice Hall,Inc.
Bradley Christmas. 2013.The Role of Brainstorming in Improving Student Writing Performance in the EFL Classroom.Retrieved November 12, 2013
Brown, H. Douglas. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. San Francisco: Addition Wesley Longman, Inc.
Buckingham. Louisa (2008). Development of English Academic Writing Competence by Turkish Scholars . international journal from
Byrne, Donn. 1984. English Teaching Perspective. London: Longman.
Charles Bazerman, Joseph Little, Lisa Bethel, Teri Chavkin, Danielle Faouquette, and Janet Garufis. 2005. Reference Guide to Writing Across Curricullum. West Lafayette. Indiana.
Charles F. Meyer. 2009. Introduction English Linguistic. United State of America. Cambridge University Press.
Depdiknas. 2006. Kurikulum 2006: Standar Kompetensi SMP. Jakarta: Dharma Bakti.
Dr. Catherine Dawson. 2002. Introduction to Research Method.United Kindom. Howtobook.
Duncan Cramer and Dennis Howitt. 2004. The SAGE Dictionary of Statistic. London. SAGE Publication
Fatima.sadaf (2012). Teaching Report Writing Skills through Communicative Activities. International journal from
Gay, L. R., et al. 2006. Educational Research Competencies for Analysis and Applications: Eight Edition. Columbus Ohio. Pearson Merril Prentice Hall.
Ghaith, Ghazi. 2002. Writing. Retrieved March 2nd, 2013, from
Gunersel & simpson(2009). improvement in writing and reviewing skills and calibrated peer reviewTM. International journal from
Harmer, Jeremy. 1991. The Practical of English Language Teaching (New Edition). New York: Longman Publishing.¬¬¬. 1993. The Practical of English Language Teaching . New York: Longman Inc.
http://www.mindtools.com menulis.html
Hughes, Arthur. 2008. Testing for Language Learners, UK: Cambridge University.
Iryani. 1998. The Ability of the Fifth Semester Students of English Department of FBS IKIP Ujungpandang to compose Descriptive Pargraph Using Familiar Pictures. Thesis FBS UNM.
Jack C. Richard, Willy A. Renandia. 2002. Methodology in Language teaching. Cambridge University Press.
Jack C. Richards and Richard Schmidt. 2002. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Third Edition. New york. Pearson Education Limited.
James Heard, M. Ed. And Ted Tucker, M. Ed .2013. Advanced Writing.
Javed, Juan,& Nazli. (2013). A Study of Students’ Assessment in Writing Skill of the English Language. Internation journal from
Judith F. Oslon. 2009. Writing Skill Success.New York. Learning Express.
Marrie allen and paul procter. 2008. Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary Third Edition. Cambridge University Press.
Masni Santung. 2011. Improving Writing Skill By Using Writing Process Approach At The Second Grade (Tkj Department) Students Of Smk Nasional Makassar.UMM
Muhammad Nahdi. 2011. Improving Students’ Writing Ability by Using Peer Editing Technique (A Classroom Action Research at the Third Semester Students of English Study Program of STKIP HAMZANWADI SELONG in Academic Year of 2010/2011).
Philis Creme and Mary R. Lea. 2003. Writing at University. Maidenhead, Newbury. Open University Press.
Prof. Drs. Sutrisno Hadi. 1987. Statistik Jilid 2. Yogyakarta. Fakultas Psikologi UGM Yogyakarta
Rao Z. (2007) Training in Brainstorming and Developing Writing Skills, in ELT Journal 2007 61(2). Oxford University Press. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
Simard, Jean. 1997. The Writing Process in a Multimedia Environment. Retrieved March 2nd, 2013, from
Sintawati. 2012. Pembelajaran Menulis Paragraf Narasi Dengan Menggunakan Metode Clustering Pada Siswa Smpn 1 Tanggeung Kab.Cianjur. STKIP Siliwangi Bandung.
Sugiyono. 2007. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D). Bandung: Alfabeta.
Suyatinah. 2013.PeningkatanKeefektifanPembelajaranMenulis Di Kelas Ii SekolahDasar. PGSD FIP UniversitasNegeri Yogyakarta.
Theresa Clementon. 2005. Reading and Writing Skill. NY. Oxford University Press.
Thomas S. Kane. 2000. Essential Guide to Write. New york. Berkley Book.
Thulis Dawes. 2009. Learning Write With Purpose. Learning Write With Purpose. NY. The Guilford Press.
Virginia Evans. 2000. Successful Writing. Liberty House, New Greenham Park, Newbury, Berkshire. Express Publishing.
Wells, Gardin. 1993. Writing: the Hobby about that Pays. Singapore. EPB Publisher Ptc. Ltd.
Zuzanne Bratcher and lynda Ryan. 2004. Evaluating Childrens’s Writing. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers Mahwah, New Jersey London

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.